Monday, January 17, 2022

18 Incredible Animals You Didn’t Know About

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We grew up learning about various animals in our school days, such as elephants, horses, dinosaurs, peacocks, etc. We can recognize each of those animals even when we do not see most of them for real. Many other animals we don’t know about, many animals that even scientists do not know about.

You will be thrilled to find out that despite all the things we learnt about animals, there still are so many animals whose names we have probably never heard. Animals are yet to be discovered and named by the scientist. It is a vast world, and we can never know it all. We have created a list of 18 Incredible Animals You Didn’t About. Happy learning to you!!

1. The Glass frog

Glass frog sitting on a leaf in Costa Rico
By G.J. Verspui/ Shutterstock

A glass frog is a unique frog. They are known for their translucent skin that enables you to see internal organs through it, such as their heart, liver, gastrointestinal tract. They are only of these found in parts of Central and South America. There are 14 types of Glass frogs found in Costa Rica. Glass frogs are small creatures.

They grow from 3 to 7.5 centimetres in length. They are usually bright green or olive green in colour, also known as arboreal animals. These frogs live near streams during their breeding season.

The tadpoles of this creature have low fins, strong tails, and they are perfectly eligible for fast-flowing water. They are generally active during the night. Glass frogs use their body as camouflage. Over the leaves, we can only recognize their eyes and a little portion of their head at night time.

2. Rhinoceros hornbill

A rhinoceros hornbill sitting on the branch of a tree
By aiman_zhafransyah/ Shutterstock

The Rhinoceros hornbill is the most unusual looking and the largest hornbill species found in the mountain rain-forests of Singapore and southern Thailand, Borneo, Sumatra and Java. They live in dense lowland evergreen forests.

Their large yellow-orange casque makes it clear why they are associated with rhinoceros. They grow up to 43-47 inches, weighing about 4.6-6.6 pounds, with wing length from 59-70 inches, and their life span is 35-50 years.

It isn’t easy to differentiate between a male and female rhinoceros hornbill, except males have brownish-red eyes and females have blueish-white. They mostly eat fruits, especially fig. Other than that, bird eggs, frogs and small reptiles.

3. Aye-aye

Aye- aye is a primate only found on the island of Madagascar. They spend their lives in between rain forests. They are either dark brown or black. Their bushy tails are longer than their body and shaped like a squirrel. They have large eyes, sensitive ears, rodent-like teeth and long, bony, witch-like fingers, which they use to pry insects. The aye-aye has pointed claws.

They are nocturnal animals, and they spend their daytime resting on branches curled up with leaves. Native people of Madagascar believe aye-aye as an omen of bad luck. Therefore, there was a hunting period that allowed people to kill them. However, they are protected by laws now.

4. Maned wolf

A manned wolf lying on the grass
By Marie Dirgova/ Shutterstock

Maned wolves are the tallest canid found in South America. They weigh anywhere between 20 and 30 kilograms. Their weight makes them look like large dogs with orange-reddish furs. But their dark, long and thin legs make them easily recognizable with their fox-like attributes.

They are similar to the fox and are not like the other wolves. They have long and large ears and whitethroats. Maned wolves are omnivorous. They eat small mammals like wild guinea pigs, rabbits, young viscachas, insects, birds, reptiles. Their diet includes fruits, sugarcane and plants.

5. Buffy tufted marmoset

Buffy tufted marmosets are also known as white-eared marmosets. They are classified as endangered in the Brazilian Red list of Fauna. It is one of the world’s 25 most endangered species. Their head is densely furred and black, while the crown on their head is creamy white. In addition, the tail is yellowish-grey, and the rest of their body is dark blackish brown.

Buffy tufted marmosets are arboreal creatures in nature, as they spend most of their lives in trees. They are diurnal in the heart, as they are most active during the daylight hours. They are omnivorous but primarily insectivorous. They eat ants, termites, larvae, caterpillars, insect galls and any large-winged insects. They even eat cacti, frogs, nectar, snails, lizards and spiders.

6. The Jesus lizard

By Matt Jeppson/ Shutterstock

The Jesus lizard is also known as Basilisk lizards and Jesus Christ lizards. They live in the rain forests of South America and Central America. They are known for their incredible ability to run on the surface of the water. They have long toes on their back feet and can run incredibly fast with a speed of five feet per second.

They have a very long tail which they hold up while running on the water. They are omnivorous, and they usually feed on insects like beetles or dragonflies and flowers and small vertebrates like snakes, bird eggs, fish etc. Legends say that they can turn a man into a stone by just looking at him. I don’t know whether it is a fact or a myth, but it sure is believed by many people.

7. Gerenuk

The word Gerenuk in the Somali language means “giraffe-necked.” They are also known as Waller’s Gazelle and giraffe-necked antelope. They weigh around 29-58 kilograms, and their general life span is up to 13 years in captivity and 12 years in the wilderness.

They can live their entire life without drinking water and use their long necks and strong legs to eat. Gerenuk is always ahead of the other leaf-eaters because they stand like this to nibble the leaves. Their long neck and hind legs help them to reach high and feed on leaves. They use their front legs to pull down the higher branches.

8. Brown mouse lemur

Cute mouse lemur eating banana
By Hajakely/ Shutterstock

Brown mouse lemur is a small primate that lives the shortest life in comparison with other primates. You can commonly find them on the island of Madagascar. They are also known as rufous mouse lemur, red mouse lemur, russet mouse lemur and eastern rufous mouse lemur.

Their general life span is 6-8 years, but they can live up to 12 years under human care. They are nocturnal creatures. They mostly eat fruits.

9. Desert long-eared bat

Desert long-eared bats have impressive teeth and relatively large eyes and ears. They are species of vesper bat. They are found in the desert zone of Morocco, Pakistan and also in northwest India. They eat beetles, flies and wasps. The maximum life span of the desert long-eared bat is sixteen years.

10. The Emperor Tamarin

Emperor Tamarin is also known as Brockway monkey. You can find them in the southwest Amazon Basin, in east Peru and Bolivia in the north. They have a long white moustache that extends to both sides beyond their shoulders. They love to be petted by their human caretakers.

Well, then I will love to adopt one!

11. The Quokka

cute face of a brown Quokka
By Goglio Michele/ Shutterstock

The Quokka are the happiest and one of the most jovial-looking animals on the planet. The super cute Quokka are some of the smallest members of the macropod family. They are found in small coastal islands of Western Australia.

Their legs and tail are much shorter than other Wallaby species. Besides this, Quokkas have small and rounded ears along with their round body. They are herbivorous and generally nocturnal animals.

12. The Kermode Bear was also known as the spirit bear

The spirit bear is a rare colour morph of a sub-species of black bears. They are also known as the Kermode Bear and are found in the Great Bear Rainforest in British Columbia, Canada. Most of them have completely white-coloured fur due to recessive gene traits. They are mostly omnivorous. The male’s bears can weigh up to 225 kilograms or more, whereas females weigh around 135 kilograms.

13. The Bat-eared Fox

Two bat-eared foxes
By Martin Mecnarowski/ Shutterstock

The Bat-eared Fox are foxes with bat-like ears found in the grasslands of southern Africa and Eastern Africa. Their average body length is up to 55 cm, with their ears 13 cm in length. Their teeth are much smaller. The food they eat include insects, birds and lizards, reptiles and desert truffles.

They are also known as Delalande’s foxes. They have very sharp and pointed teeth, which enables them to chew their meal quickly. They rarely drink water, as they get most of the moisture they need from their food.

The male foxes take parental care, and the females take care of the food, which helps their milk production. They usually have darker hair around their tails and legs.

14. The sand cat

A sand cat mother with her cub
By slowmotiongli/ Shutterstock

The adorable Sand cat is also known as sand dune cat, is the only cat species that lives in sandy deserts. They live in areas far from water. They live in both stony and sandy deserts. You can mostly find them in the desert regions of North Africa, the Middle East and Central Asia.

The sandy cat is a small cat with short legs and a long tail. The blackish bars on the limbs and their claws are fast and very sharp. They are, in general, lovers of solitude, except during the mating season and when the partner has kittens.

15. The slow loris

The slow loris is also known as Kaadupaapa, which means forest baby, found in Southern and South-Eastern Asia. They weigh from 103-2100 g. They have round heads and eyes, small ears hidden behind their fur and big and bright eyes. They are arboreal and nocturnal animals.

They get sexually active after 18 months from the time of their birth. There is another creature which is their nearest cousin that is the “African bush babies.” They are the only animals in the loris family that has venom. Their tongue is longer than their body’s size, and they consume fruits, small reptiles, small birds and eggs. Aren’t they adorable?

16. Fossa

The fossa is one of the largest members of the Mongoose family. Their scientific name, Cryptoprocta, means ‘hidden anus.’ They are carnivorous mammals found in Madagascar’s forests and have a combined look of three animals: cat-like claws and teeth, monkey-like tail and weasel-like ears. Their tail provides them balance when they move through the trees.

They communicate through their scent glands and are agile climbers. They are temporarily masculine. They have semi-retractable claws and flexible ankles, which help to jump from tree to tree. They have a very different mating procedure. The female fossa will climb up a tree under which the male fossa will fight for her.

17. Cephalophus Zebra

18 Incredible Animals You Didn't Know About 1
By Chris Hoff/ Shutterstock

Cephalophus Zebra is also known as the zebra duiker, banded duiker and stripped-back duiker and are found in Ivory Coast, Liberia, Guinea and other parts of Africa. An adult cephalophus zebra can grow up to 90 cm in length and 45 cm in height and weigh around 20 kilograms.

Their body colour is either light gold or reddish-brown. They have dark brown or black stripes like zebras and a pair of rounded and short horns. They are shy and rarely seen as wild. Female zebras are larger than male ones.

18. The Patagonian mara

Patagonian Mara
By AdaCo/ Shutterstock

The Patagonian mara is the fourth largest rodent in the World. They are also known as Patagonian hare and Patagonian cavies and are only found in parts of Argentina. If you view them closely, you will notice their legs are like kangaroos. Their average body length is up to 69-75 cm, and their tail extends up to 5 cm. The weight is from 8-16 kg.

Have you ever imagined how an offspring of a horse and a rabbit will look like? Well, nor did I, but I have brought a close enough answer for you all.



About the Author

Sneha Lodha is media student who loves to write and interact with people.

Sneha Lodha

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