If you are reading this, either you are a defence lover or just a curious reader, well that does not matter, but your time does, and I’m pretty sure that you will gain some knowledge about our defence forces after going through this article and no, you won’t be bored.
The Indian Defence Forces can be categorized into Indian Armed Forces, Paramilitary Organizations and Central Armed Police Forces apart from usual police service(not covered here). The Indian Armed Forces have 3 professional uniformed services under its domain, namely Indian Army (3rd largest in the World..right), Indian Navy (arguably 7th largest and among a few blue water navies…among what? read further to know more) and Indian Air-force (one of the largest and strongest in the world..#swag).
The Paramilitary Organizations support the Indian Armed Forces. They are Assam Rifles (very old and strong), Indian Coast Guard (sister of Navy..almost literally) and Special Frontier Force. All these forces are governed by the Defence Ministry led by the union cabinet minister of defence.
The Central Armed Police Forces are, however, governed by the Ministry of Home Affairs. They consist of various forces like, Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) (largest among all central armed police forces), Border Security Force (BSF) (also called First Wall of Defence, largest border guiding force, see Wagah Border ceremony), Sahastra Seema Bal (for Nepal and Bhutan borders), Indo-Tibetian Border Police (ITBP) (as the name suggests) and Central Industrial Police Force (CISF) (personnel who guard the airports, PSUs and various other industries).
There are other forces too (too many forces? well, we are almost done) like National Security Guard (NSG) (yes, we saw them on 26/11), Special Protection Group (SPG) (those safari suits people with black glasses around the Prime Minister… yes!) and Railway Protection Force (RPF).
After that ‘brief’ introduction, I would like to shed some light on some of the points that I mentioned, like blue water navy; as simple and obvious it may sound, it is equally interesting to know that three terms are used to define the navies all around the world. They are – Brown Water Navy, Green Water Navy and Blue Water Navy.
Not going into further details, A blue-water navy is, in theory, a maritime force capable of operating in the deep waters of the open oceans with the capability of prolonged and sustained operations in open waters. Phew! Apart from that, for those who don’t know what is RAW (even after the excessive use of its name in Bollywood in recent times), it stands for Research and Analysis Wing, being the external intelligence agency of the country.
Furthermore, let’s talk about some of the various other Special Forces that make us stand out (really out).
Para (Special Forces): The largest of all special forces and probably most important of them all. Being a part of the Indian Army, these are some seriously badass units capable of going behind enemy lines and executing a surprise attack to break the bone of the enemy.
MARCOS: Stands for Marine Commandos, an elite special operations unit of Indian Navy, they are it. Be it any condition, mission, terrain or enemy, if you think no one can do it, they most probably already have. They are the most advanced and specialized force and among the few units of the world with the capability of jumping in the water with a full combat load. They surpass para regiments with this ability along with the capability to perform maritime operations. They also helped during the 2008 Mumbai Attacks.
Garud Commando Force: The special unit of the Indian Air force. They were formed in 2004 and take their name from a bird-like creature from Hindu Mythology.
This is not an exhaustive list as almost every force. The unit has its own special commando unit used for special operations but is definitely among the best.
With that, we have come to an end of this ‘guide’. I hope you liked it, enjoyed it and more importantly learnt something.
Salute to the Heroes.