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Indian Education System : What Needs To Change?

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Considering the increase in literacy rate in India from 12% in 1947 to 74% in 2011, we can  proudly say that majority Indians are educated. But, does the buck stop here?

Here are few things which need to be eradicated from the Indian Education System:

Rote learning:

It’s the quality of education and not the quantity which should be of primary importance. We should definitely laud the interactive and e-class learning coupled with a plethora of projects which coaxes the students to think “out of the box”. However, owing to the stereotype syllabus and fixed set of questions which appear in the exams every consecutive year it has become very difficult to wipe out the evil of rote learning. Students should not only be made to think “out of the box”  but also “out of the books”. The rat race for scoring 90% marks by mugging up must be replaced by the craze for acquiring analytical skills and logical thinking.


Grading system:

“Only studies and no play makes Jack a dull boy”.  What makes our students lackadaisical is the importance attributed to MARKS. Students are marked and judged for their intelligence on the basis of the three hour duration of the exams, not taking into account the stress, nervousness and peer pressure inflicting the student. A genuine student can shine out only when the parameter of grading and ranking is not strictly confined to exams and class tests. Schools must mould their students in various other matters, educating them beyond the limits of the textbook. Classroom participation, leadership qualities, communication skills and extracurricular activites along with academic performance should be the criteria to evaluate students.


Respect for selected streams:

Doctor? Wow, intelligent guy

Engineering? Amazing, brains personified

Fashion designing? Uff , she must be a below average student.

Such disdainful attitudes should not be tolerated anymore. Through counselling and career guidance sessions students must be made aware of the existence of various streams and courses and the important role that they play in our economy.


Restricted streams:

The Indian education system has confined the streams to science, commerce, arts or diploma after class 10. However, a student belonging to one stream may want to pursue one or two subjects of his liking from another stream. Isn’t there a need to introduce a system where a student can opt for major and minor subjects? The goal of education must be imparting maximum knowledge to students, be it related to the subjects of their domain or essential general knowledge even if its not a part of their stream. The concept of “elective subjects” must be introduced at a much earlier stage than it is now.


Parochial outlook:

Our education system focuses mainly on nationalism which may at times cultivate a jingoistic outlook rather than global outlook. Of course loving our country is important but we are a part of an era which requires people to become global citizens, as one cannot carry the nationalist attitude while studying or working abroad.


Outdated syllabus as per job market:

The major drawback of the Indian education system lies in teaching what is completely irrelevant to the job market or technology that was used years ago. Skills which are required for the industry are not present in fresh-graduates.  Hence, more time must be dedicated for practical sessions rather than theoretical.

We spend only few percent of our GDP on education, so our government should make education its first priority and try to address these issues.


Lavanya Ramnath


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