To know how such spheres as politics and education are related, first of all, it is worth noting that education has no value without culture. It makes no sense to draw a sharp line between culture, politics, and education. Without special scientific research, it is clear that, in the modern world, these things interact with each other, and everyone experiences the results of this interaction.
The Сonnection between Politics and Education
Since ancient times, all rulers perfectly understood that culture and education, especially in states with large territories, are a powerful tool of uniting people, governing society and the state. That is why the political principle was used from the very beginning of the existence of an educational sphere. Plato stressed the need for a political approach in educating the guards of the ideal state. He was well aware that internal conviction is much more effective than all other methods of social control.
Aristotle viewed politics as a sphere that combined all the best features of the sciences which were known then. He argued that cultural and moral norms are inseparable from politics, because one of its main purposes is to teach, to cultivate a worthy new generation. This function was defined in the place where the politics appeared as a science.
In medieval society, of course, education served the religious principle which constituted the traditional worldview. It was the church that determined the main and basic content of education and upbringing of the younger generation. At the same time, the religious principle acted as a political one, because, firstly, it determined the overall social order, and secondly, it needed a state support.
During the Renaissance, Niccolo Machiavelli, in his treatise “The Emperor”, separated the political sphere from moral values and norms. But if we take into account the fact that political science, both in theory and in practice, should help to nurture worthy people, Machiavelli’s main principle “the end justifies the means” can be considered insolvent.
In the mid-fifties of the XX century, at the highest level of state power, the United States realized the need to allocate education to the priority branch of national policy. Then the US National Defense Education Act (NDEA), adopted by the US Congress, approved the national interest in the quality of education. It is quite understandable that all subsequent US presidents saw education as the basis of the state’s political, economic and military might and pursued an appropriate educational policy.
Now, despite the ambivalent attitude towards politics among the population, most people acknowledge that it should contribute to the education process. As a consequence, in order to educate a worthy person (and not just a “political animal”) in modern conditions, the policy on which the direction of the educational process depends must necessarily turn to and be guided by cultural values.
If to talk specifically and try to trace the mutual connection between politics and education, we can immediately recall the fact that history has always been viewed from the angle that the state needed. In most cases, exactly the political sphere distributed the values in the hierarchy that was required to solve state problems at one time or another. For example, patriotism is a love for one’s country. This quality is always brought up, and, of course, the state promotes its development in every citizen of the country.
Absolutely everyone knows the fact that schools and most higher educational institutions of our country are formally public and directly accountable to the government. The fact that the approval of school curricula and the choice of textbooks for teaching the younger generation is also controlled by the state is not a secret.
It is also worth paying attention to the informal interaction between politics and education. After all, there is something that does not lend itself to analysis at once, what you do not pay attention to and do not attach much importance.
Politics is, first of all, an area in which different spheres of our life intersect: culture, education, economics. And for this very reason, politics has different functions relating to each of these areas. One of the most important functions of the political sphere is upbringing which, in general terms, is identical to education – not only from the moral point of view but also from the practical side.
Prospects for joint development of education and politics
The State needs skilled specialists who are able to act quickly and decisively in emergency situations. The main question is how to raise a generation that will not only have knowledge of individual facts but also will be able to analyze the situation, make responsible decisions and, no matter what, to bear responsibility for them.
All this is impossible without instilling in a person the ability to assess his actions from the moral point of view. Without this, we cannot talk about an intelligent individual. As you know, “knowledge does not teach the mind”. So, from which side should the state approach the issue?
The first and main task should be an attempt to revise the attitude to politics as to a “dishonest game”. In our modern world, we need to make sure that the interaction of the political process and education does not boil down to the dominance of one sphere over another, it is not limited to trying to place a huge amount of information in the young heads.
It is necessary to return to politics the status which corresponds to the moral and cultural norms. After all, the evaluation of actions in this perspective promotes the development of a human in a person, and not a soulless machine that, working for the benefit of the state, only conducts computational actions. The main goal that politics and education can consider as a common one is not to lose the human in the process of socialization, not to destroy his individuality, trying to create an excellent employee appropriate for the time, instilling a pattern of thinking for him.
Universities should not only develop the skills necessary for the future profession but also encourage students to think about issues of global importance, such as culture and politics. A significant role is played by holding thematic conferences, competitions for talented writers in the student environment.
Many educational institutions ask young people to compose essays on political topics (as one of the introductory tests). If your training program also includes such a task, carefully gather information and show a creative approach when writing. Another way to get a perfect result is to turn to a reliable paper writing service to check your work.