Ever since the dawn of time, man has been improvising his surroundings as per his requirements. Humans always crave two things in life: first shelter and then luxury. Many architectural structures have been erected throughout humankind’s history, reflecting the values, ideas, and history of the place and time.
These structures are not just concrete and steel, but also dreams and ambitions. However, not all these structures managed to embody the aspirations of their creators. Throughout history, there have been many buildings that were planned but never completed.
Following is a list of 7 famous unfinished buildings in history all around the world:
1) RYUGYONG HOTEL
Location; Pyongyang, North Korea
The construction of this 105 storey luxury hotel was started in 1987 by the North Korean construction firm Baikdoosan Architects & Engineers. It was advertised to be the tallest hotel in the world. With revolving restaurants and ballrooms, royal accommodations, and all the luxuries North Korea had to offer. This hotel was to be a paradise. However, what was supposed to be a source of pride and a symbol of excellence for North Korea soon turned into a burden.
The hotel was estimated to be completed by 1992, but many problems arose. Due to materials being delayed and the building methods of the firm, the hotel was never completed. The hotel sat untouched for decades. But in 2008, the construction resumed with the help of Orascom Group, an Egyptian construction company.
By 2011, the exterior of the building was completed, with exterior glass panels being installed. The hotel was supposed to open in 2013. However, it was postponed yet again. The economic crisis of the country halted the construction once more. Finally, in 2017 some work at the heavily guarded site resumed. Huge LED panels were set on one side of the hotel by 2018, which played various movie scenes, animations and displayed the North Korean flag.
In 2019, a sign with the hotel’s name and logo was put on the top of the structure. It has been 33 years since the fantasy hotel’s construction started, and yet the project remains incomplete. The worth of this project was estimated to be around $750 million.
Location; Moscow, Russia.
The main purpose of this building’s construction was to build an administrative center- cum- congress for the representatives of the member states of the Soviet Union. The building was to be built on ‘The Cathedral of Christ the savior’ after demolishing it.
The construction started in 1937. An architectural contest for the design of the building was organized. Boris Iofan won it, and later this building was redesigned to be a skyscraper by Iofan, Vladimir Shchuko, and Vladimir Gelfreikh. If completed, this majestic structure would have been the tallest skyscraper at that time.
However, when the Nazi army invaded the western Soviet Union in 1941, the construction was forcibly halted. The project was thereafter, dropped and the steel frames from this half-built structure were dismantled and used for other purposes, like building bridges and fortifications.
In 1958, the palace’s foundations were converted into a round open-air pool, called the Moskva Pool. Designs for several museums to be built on the site were submitted; however, these museums’ construction was never initiated. At last, it was decided that the Cathedral would be rebuilt on the same site.
Location; Nuremberg, Germany.
It has been 82 years since Adolf Hitler laid the stadium’s first stone at Nuremberg. The Deutsches Stadion (different from the one in Berlin) was set to be built as the world’s largest stadium. The stadium was a mirror to the dictator’s ambition. A mix of Roman and German ideas, the architect Albert Speer ditched the typical oval shape and went with a horse-shoe-like design for the stadium.
However, before the original stadium’s construction began, a ‘test’ stadium with a one-tenth capacity of the original structure was to be built in the small village of Achtel. Adolf Hitler himself and his architect Albert Speer arrived to inaugurate the construction of the prototype, one of the largest Olympic stadiums in the world.
The original structure was designed to hold over 400,000 spectators. It was to be 2,625ft long and 1,476ft wide. The original and the test stadium’s construction was halted due to the Second World War and was never resumed. It has now been preserved as a historical site.
Location; Nympsfield, Gloucestershire, England.
This 19th century Victorian Gothic-styled mansion is situated in Nympsfield, Gloucestershire, England. Large green lands surround the mansion, originally brought to be turned into a deer park. It has been passed on from one owner to another; however, it has managed to remain unfinished to date.
The construction of this building started in the year 1858. The building appears to be completed from the outside, but you will find unfinished floors, plaster, and a few entire rooms missing on the inside. The construction was stopped when the builders left the mansion in 1870, and it has remained abandoned since then.
The Woodchester mansion is also rumored to be haunted. The lands around the mansion have been turned into “Woodchester park,” which is open to the public. The manor itself is also open to the public. The house has been used in various shows and was featured in BBC’s Dracula (2006).
Location; Indiana, USA.
This might be considered one of the biggest screw-ups in the history of architecture. With an estimated 700 million USD expenditure, the marble hill nuclear plant’s construction started in 1977. It was to provide employment and prosperity to the people of Indiana. However, a minor accident in Pennsylvania nuclear plant leads to the withdrawal of public support from the project.
As the construction continued, the costs of the project skyrocketed to a whopping 2.5 billion USD. Surprisingly, after spending $2.5 billion on this project, the clients just put their hands up and left, stating that it was getting expensive. Currently, this plant is owned by an unrecognized Michigan-based company and has been undergoing demolition.
6) AJUDA NATIONAL PALACE
Location; Lisbon, Portugal.
After earthquakes wreaked havoc on Lisbon’s city, causing widespread destruction, the construction of the Palácio Nacional da Ajuda (national palace of Ajuda) was started. It was meant to be a public attraction and also a residence for the Portuguese royal family. The lavish palace was to be the largest in Europe.
The construction began in the year 1796 following a modern neo-classical design. However, Napoleon’s invasion in 1806 led to the Portuguese royal family’s exile, bringing the construction to a standstill. The construction resumed during King Luis I’s reign but was never completed due to poor financial conditions. Even though the Portuguese royal family occupied the palace, it remained incomplete.
Today it can be seen as a half-built building functioning as a museum. Two floors of the palace are open for the public to see.
7) CINCINNATI SUBWAY
Location; Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.
The people of Cincinnati once dreamed of a public transportation system. Unfortunately, that dream could never be turned into reality due to the great depression, world war II and the escalating costs of the project. Today it is considered one of the biggest embarrassment for the city.
6 million USD was granted for the project. However, due to WW II, the completion was delayed. By 1919, the cost of the project doubled to 12-13 million USD. However, WW II caused the construction of the subway system to be postponed.
There were some attempts made to complete the project. However, the plan never showed any ‘feasibility,’ and the construction was abandoned once and for all. It now serves as a shelter for the homeless.
Hi, my name is Rimu Patil, and I am a computer science graduate. I love reading and cooking. I have an obsession with history; anything related to history intrigues me. I want to make people understand that history is exciting and not boring. I want to travel the world and learn more about history and world cuisine.
Updated by- Shreyasharma