The word TOURISM is familiar to almost all of us. It generally means ” TRAVEL FOR ONES OWN PLEASURE.” Thus, it helps us learn and discover new things about different places and learn about their unique culture. It is something one does for the fulfillment of one’s own soul. It is not only concerned with traveling or going to new places but something beyond that. It is a huge subject and has varied branches. One of its most famous branches is ECOTOURISM.
Ecotourism is an addition to Tourism. It has more advantages than sustainable tourism.
1.What is Ecotourism?
Ecotourism is a form of tourism that involves visiting fragile, pristine, and relatively undisturbed natural areas, intended as a low-impact and often small-scale alternative to standard commercial (mass) tourism.
2.Purpose of Ecotourism
Its purpose may be to educate the traveler or visitor visiting or traveling about numerous unknown facts of nature, provide funds for ecological conservation, directly benefit the development of economic and political empowerment of locales, or foster respect for different varieties of cultures and human rights.
3. Who does Ecotourism concern
It is concerned with the living organs of the natural environment. It does not involve traveling randomly to any place. Instead, it involves traveling to places where flora and fauna form primary attractions besides the cultural heritage. Its perspective and primary focus is generally on nature. That’s why it shows tourists the impact that human beings have on nature and its resources.
4.What does a responsible Ecotourism program include
–> Minimization of the negative aspects of conventional tourism on the environment,
–> Enhancement of the cultural integrity of the locales,
–> Promotion of the process of recycling,
-> Efficiency of energy,
-> Water conservation, and
-> Creation of economic opportunities for its local communities.
5.Demerits of Ecotourism
It is said that any subject besides having merits is liable to have some drawbacks or demerits. The same is the case with ecotourism, too; besides having various advantages, it has some of its own disadvantages too—converting undeveloped land into profitable space for tourism. An influx of tourists visiting there may compromise national parks and wilderness areas. It is a major threat to the rich biodiversity and wild animals living in the jungles.
Ecotourism itself is the biggest obstacle in the way of environmental development.
Thus, In conclusion, Ecotourism is an aspect that incorporates tourism but is specific in nature. There are limitless similarities between ecotourism and tourism, such as sustainability, nature being at the forefront in both, and an offer to interact with the pristine natural environment.
There are also significant differences between them from the educational perspective, the natural environment, and the levels of interactions. However, the impact of both tourism and ecotourism on the environment and the changes in people’s attitudes is worth noting. Ecotourists have a functional responsibility, soft and hard, and tourists play a fundamental role in achieving both concepts’ ultimate goals.