I wasn’t quite sure about this article’s title because I don’t really know whether this is the standard definition of aromanticism. I am just highlighting some specific points of aromanticism, but I do not think that I’ll be able to define the whole thing completely, and you may, as an aromantic, feel that some of the things that I mentioned are not quite right. But I’ll try to be as precise as possible.
The thing is, I myself am not an aromantic person, so I never wanted to write this in the first place. However, the person whose views I am about to elaborate upon absolutely cannot talk about herself and doesn’t want to sound like she’s voicing an entire community’s views. Neither do I particularly want to voice the views of a community that I do not belong to, but since no one is speaking about this, I thought I might shed some light on the matter, however, diffused.
Aromanticism, quite predictably, is a very misunderstood concept. So I will start by defining the term ‘aromanticism.’ Aromantics basically don’t feel romantic attraction towards people. And the word ‘romantic’ is very important here because there are other forms of attraction. For example, aromantics can feel sexual attraction towards someone. Aromantics, thus, need not be asexual, just like all asexuals do not need to be aromantic. One crude example that I can think of right now is Barney Stinson. If we consider the first few seasons of ‘How I Met Your Mother‘ when Barney did not fall in love with anyone, he was a plain and simple Casanova who seemed almost incapable of forming romantic relationships- hence, he was a heterosexual aromantic.
Of course, Barney’s character evolved a lot, and he proved to be an exceptionally romantic person. Still, season 1, Barney, is the one I was reminded of immediately while thinking about aromantics who actually quite liked sex. And if you think Barney Stinson is not really a respectable example because of his promiscuity, feel free to think of someone who liked sex not more or less than other people but did not love anyone romantically. Even though statistically, most asexuals are aromantics and most aromantics are asexuals, there is no reason to think of those two things as completely overlapping circles in a Venn diagram.
Also, aromantics can be straight or gay, or bisexual. I had certain confusion about this myself. How can someone, who feels no romantic attraction for either a person of the same sex or the opposite sex, be straight/gay/bisexual? But the thing is- the sexual attraction part of it matters here. Barney, for example, always chose to sleep with women because he was sexually attracted to women even though initially, he felt no romantic attraction towards them- hence, a straight aromantic. Similarly, a person can want to have sex with another person of the same sex without feeling any romantic attraction towards them- in which case, and they will still be called ‘lesbian/gay aromantic.’ Apply the same thing for bisexual aromantics- if they feel sexual attraction for both same-gendered and different gendered people.
Now we come to the interesting bit- do aromantics not love anyone?
Well, yes, they do. They don’t feel or reciprocate ‘romantic’ love. There are various forms of love apart from romantic love, and this is the part which my aromantic friend helped me understand. We romantic people (straight, lesbian, gay, bisexual whatever) normally associate the term love with various things like- butterflies in our stomach, relationships, possessiveness, swooning, etc. ‘Love’ means a very specific thing for us. Something that comes with very detailed guidelines. Yes, we do love our parents, friends, and pets too, but we don’t really think of that love like this love (the kind of love that we feel for our boyfriends or girlfriends, husbands or wives.) The former kind of love is tamer, more stable- something that we take for granted.
But the tricky part lies in understanding that the special kind of ‘butterflies in the stomach’ love that we feel is not the only kind of love. Aromantic people feel the first kind of love, which we feel for our families and pets and friends, for everyone. They literally cannot love anyone more than this. There is something wrong with what I just said because there really shouldn’t be this misconception that the love that we romantics feel is somehow a more complete or more powerful love than what the aromantics feel. It’s just a different kind of love.
And this doesn’t mean that they do not want to have one stable partner for the rest of their lives like the rest of us. They want someone to spend their lives with, and they want someone to grow old with. But it doesn’t really have to be a wife or a husband. It can be a brother, a sister, or a friend. Of course, that doesn’t really work out because why would a friend decide to sacrifice her own romantic life to give an aromantic person constant company? So the best answer usually is a wife or a husband who is also aromantic and hence does not demand romantic or sexual (in case the aromantic person we are talking about is asexual too) reciprocation. My friend was also quite frank in explaining that it would be unfair to ask any romantic person to be with an aromantic person because the aromantic person would never love the romantic person in the way she wishes to be loved.
I found the concept of aromanticism quite interesting because we never really stop considering that other people can love us in ways we cannot even imagine love works or matters. So when someone reciprocated your “I love you” with “I love you too, but as a friend,” consider the possibility that they are not really being mean or turning you down. That is how the person can and does love anyone, so her love matters exactly as much as your love does.