Chikku (line), Pulli (curves), and Padi (dots) are the most frequently used forms of Kolam. A full-fledged peacock is occasionally engraved in freehand. “Traditional Pongal Kolam” is an integral component of daily life, especially during the harvest festival of Pongal.
The Indus Valley Civilization is where the vibrant traditional Pongal Kolam originated (2500 B.C). The gopis in the Epic created kolams to help them overcome the suffering they felt while their lover Krishna was gone. Kolam drawing is named one of the 64 types of art in Vatsyayana’s Kamasutra, which was written considerably later.
1. What Is Pongal?
Pongal is a Hindu harvesting festival that is celebrated mostly in the Tamil region in southern India. All the women in the family participate in the Pongal tradition of decorating their residences with colors of beautiful traditional Pongal Kolam designs.
The harvest festival of Pongal, also known as Thai Pongal, is observed over several days in South India, primarily among the Tamil culture. It is observed at the onset of the month Thai, which is typically near January 14, based on the Tamil calendar date. It aligns with Makar Sankranti, the harvest festival observed throughout India under a number of regional designations and is dedicated to the Hindu sun god Surya.
The 3 days of the Pongal festival are known by the titles Bhogi Pongal, Surya Pongal, and Mattu Pongal. Some Tamils observe Kaanum Pongal as the fourth day of Pongal.
The harvest festival is named after the tradition “Pongal,” meaning “to simmer, overflow,” and references to the traditional Indian dish renowned as kheer, which is made from freshly harvested rice boiled in milk with granulated sugar. The Gods and Goddesses are served the cooked sweet food first, followed by the cow, and finally the household.
2. What Are Traditional Pongal Kolam Designs?
During Pongal, South India’s roadways, alleys, and byways are a kaleidoscope of colors as intricate Kolam are painted in front of homes, businesses, and offices using colorful and white powders.
The traditional Kolam rangoli designs are much more than only beautiful artwork of colors. It stands for joy and good fortune. The rice flour used to create the beautiful traditional Kolam at house entrances is consumed by pollinators. The Kolam, therefore, symbolises man’s care for all life forms. It is also said that the Kolam and the vivid crimson boundary, or kaavi, that surrounds it deter evil and bad forces from invading the homes.
People create the kolam together at the entrance of their houses on the occasion of Pongal using rice powder that can be both white and colorful. A spherical rod (Ulakai) can be used as a reference to draw parallel, sharp lines. A kolam design might be elegantly painted with symbols of cosmic relevance or it can be simple. The hallowed space where the Pongal is made is designated by the Pongal kolam design colors.
Typically, a wood fire is employed within the kolam’s boundaries to prepare the rice. Pongal is placed such that it faces the Sun directly (East). A Pongal kolam design is often placed at the entrance of the house or the side, but in cold climates where using firewood to cook inside is dangerous, the Pongal can be made in the household and taken to the rear or sides of the houses.
3. Basics to Draw Traditional Pongal Kolam Designs
Six different mathematics skill sets are required for the Pongal kolam design to be made. This covers activities like adding up, measuring, creating, recognizing, trying things out, and elaborating. People must maintain track of the dots, edges, curves, and lines as they build those beautiful geometric designs in order to create flawless kolam.
The beautiful kolams are formed during the mornings by people to invite Bhudevi- Mother goddess, as well as Lakshmi, the goddess of riches and splendor in all manifestations, whether materialistic or spiritual, into the houses, and to beg forgiveness for any transgressions committed throughout the day.
While in most Hindu homes in South India the beautiful kolam is made by the people all around the year, Pongal is when the colors come to life. Kolam is not just a work of beautiful colors and art but it also stands for plenty and joy of people.
In India, the colorful rangoli designs vary by region and are referred to by multiple terms. In Tamil Nadu, rangoli is referred to as Kolam.
4. Pongal Rangoli Designs
At the occasion of Pongal in Tamil Nadu, individuals clean their houses and adorn them with fresh flower arrangements, lights, and sugarcane throughout the three-day event. While the occasion is celebrated, colorful traditional Pongal kolam designs are used to make the entire house beautiful. A special sweet dish is also cooked with freshly picked rice, dairy, and jaggery.
Beautiful traditional Pongal Kolam in Tamil Nadu is a crucial component of the festivities, although it frequently requires a lot of accuracy and effort to perfect. So, this year, we’re giving you some simple Pongal kolam designs that you may attempt at home. These Pongal rangoli patterns are one-of-a-kind, take little work, and are excellent for giving the furnishings of your contemporary house a subdued traditional feel.
A common decoration for every Indian event is rangoli designs. Use your imagination to create unique kolam rangoli designs for the front door and other noticeable places of your house, such as the temple area or lounge room. If you’re skilled at creating Kolam rangoli designs, attempt certain cutting-edge designs to stand out from your neighborhood. To give it a genuine Pongal flavor, you may mix and combine rangoli designs made from flowers or animals.
4.1. Original Pongal Rangoli Designs Inspired By Kites To Enhance Your Celebration
Include a fusion concept in your traditional Pongal kolam rangoli design concepts because it is a style that doesn’t go out of style. The clever and simple Pongal rangoli designs are for all the youthful, modern individuals in your household.
Choose a kite-themed holiday decoration to inject extra fun into the holiday house décor. An original option for you may be to create a Pongal rangoli pattern on the floor with a kite motif. To complete the effect, add some kites tapestries, and complementary lights. Your visitors will notice this contemporary concept immediately, making your Pongal décor the topic of the party.
The colorful Pongal rangoli pattern is a significant expression of appreciation.
4.2. Designs For Mattu Pongal Kolam Rangoli To Improve The Appearance Of Your Prayer Hall
Typically, Mattu Pongal is the 3rd day of the multiple days Pongal celebration. It is intended to express gratitude to the livestock (Mattu) for their labor-intensive field-plow effort and contribution to our lovely crop. Cattle is worshipped on Mattu Pongal.
By creating a lovely Mattu Pongal kolam rangoli design, you may express your appreciation in your very own unique style. It will enable you to link with the rich Tamil culture as well as enhance the traditional feel of your pooja room design. You may adorn the wall of your loungeroom with Thanjavur artworks and add lighting throughout your house to make it more luminous.
4.3. Ideas For Traditional Pongal Kolam Rangoli To Enhance The Rooms
Why limit your traditional Pongal kolam rangoli designs to the flooring when you could even highlight your living space with stunning kolam wallpapers making it the focal point of your abode? Including this classic decor across the complete space is an artistic concept.
If you’re unsure that you can produce such detailed artwork on the walls, use Pongal kolam design stickers. They are quite easy to place on your surfaces and are readily accessible on the internet. Your main room’s appearance will be immediately improved, and the joyful mood of Pongal will be evoked. Depending on your preference, you may use it in either your loungeroom or your puja hall.
Add some extra elegance by hanging flowers from your entryway cabinet and console table, and light the wallpaper stickers with fairy lamps. You may add some bright draperies and cushions to the room to complete the look.
4.4. Designs For Your Balcony Using Traditional Pongal Rangoli Designs
Most urban inhabitants are fortunate to have a balcony, which is sometimes their sole outside area. Therefore, it merits all of your focus. Particularly around festivals, you must make it into your haven where you will spend time with your loved ones and relatives. Therefore, here is a special colorful Pongal kolam design concept that you can try this Pongal.
A Warli artwork on your adjacent wall might transform your terrace into a beautiful haven. It has the distinctive ability to give your house an earthy feel while merging in perfectly with current décor tastes. To improve the utility of your city retreat, add a seat with some concealed space under it and a wall-mounted cabinet.
To finish the appearance and create a cozy and pleasant feeling throughout your house, choose some classic Pongal rangoli designs for the flooring and adorn it with light.
4.5. Positivity Can Be Brought Home With A Floral Pongal Rangoli Design.
The most essential room in your house, particularly during festivities, is the entrance. Setting the mood for your house, a well-kept entrance radiates a great deal of optimism. Decide on some Pongal rangoli designs using dotting to give your house’s interiors the uniqueness of this significant Tamil event.
If you are not skilled in colorful rangoli design, you might choose to place a straightforward flower rangoli at your entrance. Even though these are not true kolams, they will fit the Pongal festival’s color scheme and add to the celebratory atmosphere. Give your visitors a magnificent greeting by including lights and flowery bouquets.
4.6. Designing Your House With A Pongal Kolam Rangoli For A Classical Vibe
If you require simple quick Pongal rangoli designs because you’ve been too occupied, here is the idea for your last-minute holiday decor . Mke a white rangoli sticker of your choice, and stick it on the wall of your temple area. The appearance closely resembles the original kolam design and will effortlessly infuse a classic atmosphere. Put blossoms and oil candles in your puja hall to create a relaxing Pongal ambiance in your house.
Working adults with busy schedules who yet wish to decorate their homes festively on this significant day will appreciate the simplicity of this simple holiday decoration.
4.7. Peacock-Themed Traditional Pongal Kolam Designs
Peacock colorful Rangoli Designs are timeless favorites; they stand out for their uniqueness and stylish style.
Compared to the majority of other types of designs, peacock rangoli is the subdued design. It has the nicest effort and is well-organized and precise. This is not only a wise choice but also one of the most lovely combinations.
Peacock forms are very structured and attractive. The kolam design and colorful themes are the finest. The form of a peacock differs from a straightforward background and a beautifully detailed rangoli design. Small shapes and motifs are significantly unlike the designs we often encounter. In terms of size, form, and system design, it is relatively small.
This is not only a fantastic choice for novices, but it’s also one of the most durable patterns for anyone who has recently begun crafting traditional Pongal kolam rangoli designs. Since peacock kolam rangoli designs are challenging, making them simple is a wise decision.
These were some of the beautiful Traditional Pongal Kolam designs that you can try during the times when Pongal is celebrated.
Kolam is primarily a Hindu custom, but it is also understood by Jains, Buddhists, and Parsis. It is believed that Gautama Buddha was a master of Kolam art.
The kolam is among the very few deeply ingrained indigenous practices that has influenced western mathematics.
Additionally, the rice powder attracts other little animals, such as birds. It is a means to include other creatures in one’s regular family and life, paying homage to peaceful coexistence and taking a little effort towards restoring natural balance.