What are some of the beautiful Indian Flowers? Flowers; the most beautiful creation of nature. Flowers are proof of God’s existence. In India, since time immemorial, Flowers have been regarded with glorious Divinity. In Hinduism, Flowers are used for worshipping, also certain flowers are specifically portrayed with respect to Gods and Goddesses.
In ancient Indian literature, many flowers were named after Goddesses. So alluring is the beauty of these flowers, that the delightfully, sweet-scented flower named Champa, has been immortalized in one of his poems by the great author, Rabindranath Tagore. Now, let us know about a few selected flowers which have been regarded with special reverence in ancient India through all ages and places.
Some Of The Magnificent Indian Flowers are below
1. Indian Flower: Lotus (Padma)
Such is the glory of this wonderful flower, that it has been named ‘the National flower of India’. The red lotus and white lotus; their beauty have inspired Kalidasa to compose poems to compare them with the beauty of a woman. Lotus is also said to be very dear to Lord Vishnu (depicted to be holding a lotus flower in paintings) and His consort, Lakshmi (depicted to be seated in the center of a Lotus flower and holding Lotus flowers in paintings).
It is also mentioned in Vedas that a lotus sprang from the navel of Lord Vishnu, and Hence, Brahma, the creator came into existence. There is an analogy in Indian and Buddhist Spirituality, that humans must be like the lotus flower which grows in the mud, but is free from sin and material attachments and reaches the feet of the Lord and attains liberation (moksha). Such is its sanctity that these flowers are freshly plucked from ponds, early in the morning, and offered for worship at Temples every day.
2. Indian Flower: Coral jasmine (Parijata)
The mesmerizing fragrance and the subtle beauty of this flower find its origin in Hindu mythology. It is stated to be a heavenly tree brought to earth by Lord Krishna from Indra’s palace.
A quarrel ensued between His wives; Satyabhama and Rukmini, over the tree, ultimately, Krishna planted the tree in Satyabhama’s courtyard in such a way that whenever the tree would blossom, the flowers would fall in Rukmini’s courtyard. The ancient literature also states the sad story of the Princess Parijata, who was in love with the Sun.
But having been deserted by him, she committed suicide and a tree sprung from her ashes and so, unable to stand the sight of the Sun, the tree blooms at night and sheds the flowers like tear-drops just before the sun rises, eternally. It is also mentioned in the Vedas that Hanuman lives under this slender tree.
3. Indian Flowers: Ashoka (Sita-Ashok)
The word Ashoka means ‘the one who has no grief’. It is mentioned in the legendary epic, Ramayana that Sita, the consort of Lord Raama, sat under this tree and spent her days sorrowfully after being abducted by Ravana, in his garden. Legend has it that, this tree blooms when it is touched by the feet of a beautiful woman. Each bunch of these splendid flowers is a riot of colors ranging from yellow, merging into orange, and finally, into a vibrant red color.
4. Indian Flowers: Kewra (Ketaki)
Kewra flower is best known for its enchanting, seductive scent though it does not look much appealing to the eyes. A pastime of Kewra includes Lord Vishnu, Lord Shiva and Brahma wherein, an argument ensued between Lord Vishnu and Brahma as to who amongst them was the Supreme Lord.
As Lord Shiva heard their argument, he decided to conduct a contest and declare the winner as the Supreme. Lord Shiva transformed him selves into a cosmic pillar of light and assigned the task to both of them to find the limit/boundary of this pillar of light. Whoever could execute the task would be acclaimed to be the Supreme Lord.
Lord Vishnu set off towards the base of the pillar but could not succeed. Later, Brahma set off to find the upper boundary of the pillar and the way, he came across Ketaki; whom Brahma inquired about where she has come from and she replied that she stays on the top of the pillar of light.
However, Bramha could not accomplish the task and instead brought along Ketaki as a false witness to claim that Brahma has reached the upper limit of the pillar of light. Lord Shiva got furious as he got to know about Brahma and Ketaki’s false claim. Thus, Ketaki was cursed to be unfit for Lord Shiva’s worship forever. However, this flower is widely used for worshipping Lord Vishnu.
5. Indian Flowers: Blue Water-lily (Neel kamal)
This subtle beauty is made into garlands and adorned by Lord Krishna. According to Indian scriptures, the complexion of Lord Krishna is compared to the color of the blue water-lily petals. This Indian flower has a beautiful story behind it.
The Legend, as it goes, in the Hindu epic Ramayana, Raama decided to worship Goddess Durga by offering hundred blue water lilies and set out to find, but could only find ninety-nine, and ultimately, offered one of his eyes( as his eyes are as beautiful as the blue water lilies). Pleased by this gesture, Durga blessed Lord Raama; success in the war against Ravana, before he set out to Lanka.
It is stated as a ritual in the Vedic scriptures, that offering certain flowers to some Specific Gods showers prosperity and bliss, all glories to the Indian mythology. Flowers are further classified with respect to the modes of nature, namely goodness, passion, and ignorance.
White lotus, jasmine, coral jasmine are named to be the flowers of goodness. Red lotus, Trumpet flowers, Datura flowers are named as the flowers of passion and Ketaki, Hibiscus, cotton flower, butterfly pea flowers are said to be the flowers of ignorance.
These are some of the glorious Indian Flowers that we Indians worship as they have a history behind each flower. Do let us know if we have missed any in the comments section below.