An individual could be legitimately inquired about what makes up the National Things of India. National things are intrinsically interwoven and intertwined with the National Symbols of India. National symbols of India can be very well regarded as National things of India. National symbols are a vital source of pride and energy for Indian citizens.
We ought to celebrate the glories of our ancient Nation and never shy away from embracing the cultural values and heritage of our beautiful Nation, which has a history of more than 5000 years. The Indian subcontinent has since times immemorial nurtured the souls of many great Indians who built the formidable Indian civilization on the bedrock of pluralism and inclusiveness. The present generation will make a terrible blunder if they forget their roots.
Indian subcontinent consists today of different communities. India is an ancient nation with its distinctive culture flourishing for thousands of years. The confluence of the Hindu community with different non-Hindu communities sets apart our civilization from the rest. The openness and tentativeness of our culture, the efflorescence of different speculations, and the offering of many ways are not condemned as chaos and slandered in the Indian subcontinent. Indeed, they are the hallmarks of Indian culture. The deliberate assimilation of different beliefs and practices into one common whole has always been regarded as the great Indian way.
Indian culture has illuminated not just the Indian subcontinent but has also heavily influenced Southeast Asia. Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth, is enamored with the currency notes issued by the Indonesian government, which has a Hindu past. It is a wonder why our reserve bank could never print goddess Laxmi on National currency.
Despite India having a rich cultural heritage, Indians have become indifferent to our heritage on a large scale. Our national symbols are subjected to mockery by many urban and so-called ‘cool’ Indians. They don’t understand that many Indians hold these National symbols in utmost reverence and respect. Their collective memories are etched into the sacredness of these national symbols.
National Things of India
The legacy of the Indian freedom struggle in the public life of India is unbounded. Indian National Congress-led the freedom struggle, and numerous other revolutionaries fought valiantly against the Britishers. Our constituent assembly provided the Nation with a stable constitution with great flexibility. Everything was deliberated and discussed before being officially adopted.
The national flag of India is Tiranga (Tri-color). The flag is based on the Swaraj flag, which Pingali Venkayya designed for the Indian National Congress. The national flag of India consists of saffron, white and green color. The national flag also has Ashoka Chakra, with 24 spoke wheels with navy blue in the center. It was accepted in its current form during a sitting of the Constituent Assembly on July 22, 1947. On August 15, 1947, it was designated as the official flag of the Dominion of India.
Vande Mataram was thought to be worthy of being a national anthem, but ultimately, it was replaced by another iconic song written by Rabindranath Tagore. Tagore’s Jana Gana Mana was finally chosen to be the national anthem of India. Jana Gana Mana was composed by Tagore in 1911. The constitution adopted a shorter version of Jana Gana Mana of 52 seconds only as our National Anthem.
Vande Mataram, meanwhile, was adopted as the National Song of India. Bankim Chandra Chatterjee wrote it in the 1870s, which he included in his 1882 Bengali novel Anandamath. Rabindranath Tagore first sang the poem in the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress. This song was popularised and associated with the freedom fighters since its inception, so it was no wonder it deserved to be the national song of India. The complete song consists of six stanzas, of which only two were constitutionally adopted as a national song.
Indians choose to commemorate their national animal the Royal Bengal Tiger. The Royal Bengal Tiger has appeared on Indian currency notes and postage stamps. The Royal Bengal tiger is the symbol of strength, agility, and grace. It has a majestic aura and lethal energy combined, making it a perfect choice for being a national animal. These are the reasons why it was chosen as the national animal of India.
National Heritage Animal
Indian elephants are considered a national heritage animal. It was formally recognized as a national heritage animal in 2010. The Indian elephant has been long associated with the culture of India as in the form of Lord Ganesha. Therefore it was perfectly fitting to declare the Indian elephant as a national heritage animal of India.
The Indian peafowl is peafowl species native to India. It is the male branch of that species. Indian peacocks have been designated as the national bird of India. As Indian peacocks have found a special mention in Hindu mythology, it is no wonder they were chosen as the national bird of India. This national bird was designated as such in 1963. It is a great relief that this national bird is of minor concern and is well conserved.
The Indian State Insignia is the country’s national emblem, and it is used by the central government and several state governments and government institutions. The insignia is a recreation of Ashoka’s Lion Capital. The sculpture is a three-dimensional symbol with four Asiatic lions on it. The Dominion of India adopted the symbol as its emblem in December 1947.
The national flower of India is Lotus. The national flower of India has occupied a respectful place in Indian culture since times immemorial. It is considered a sacred flower, henceforth chosen as our national flower. It was adopted as a national flower in 1950 by the constituent assembly.
The official currency of India is the Indian rupee. The Indian rupee is subdivided into 100 paise. The national currency, the Indian rupee, is issued by the Reserve Bank of India. The Devanagari consonant “र” (ra) was combined with the Latin capital letter “R” to create the symbol ₹. Rupaya is a Sanskrit word used to create the word “rupee” (a coin of silver).
A country’s national tree is one of its emblems of pride and an essential part of its identity. The Indian fig tree (Ficus bengalensis), often known as the Banyan tree, is India’s national tree, with branches that root themselves like new trees over a broad region. In Hindu philosophy, the tree is considered sacred. More trunks and branches are produced as a result of the roots. This tree is considered everlasting and is a component of Indian mythology and folklore because of this trait and its longevity.
The national motto of India is Satyameva Jayate. The mantra Satyameva Jayate comes from the Hindu scripture Mundaka Upanishad. Following India’s independence, it was adopted as its national motto on January 26, 1950, the day the country became a republic.
The national calendar of India is Saka. This Indian national calendar saka was created by King Kanishka. This national calendar was adopted in 1957 by the Indian government under Jawaharlal Nehru.
The national fruit of India is Mango. It was adopted in 1950 as our national fruit.
Mango is native to the country and known as the ‘Food of the Gods.’ Mangoes have been grown in India since the dawn of time. Many notable poets have described the sweetness of mangoes since ancient times. India is the world’s most significant mango producer, accounting for more than half of all mango exports.
The national river of India is the Ganges. It is considered the most sacred river in Hindu mythology, thus chosen as the national river of India. Our national river is also the largest in India.
National Aquatic Animal
The national aquatic animal of India is the Ganges river dolphin. It was chosen as a national aquatic animal of India in 2010 by the Indian government under Dr. Manmohan Singh. The Ganges river dolphin was adopted as the national aquatic animal to save it from possible extinction. They are a part of the species of South Asian river dolphin.
You would be surprised to know that India has no official national game. Unofficially we often hear from many people that hockey is the national game of India, but as clarified by the United youth ministry, India doesn’t recognize any national sport. So, it is a misconception to blurt out hockey as our national sport.
The national pledge of India is a kind of oath of allegiance to our motherland. This national pledge is commonly recited in all-school assemblies. It is also recited on numerous other occasions, such as independence day and republic day.
The national vegetable of India is the Indian pumpkin. It was chosen as a national vegetable as it is commonly found across the length and breadth of India.
The national reptile of India is the King cobra. The King cobra is found not just in India but also in mainland Asia. Hindus venerate this reptile; hence it has cultural significance. No wonder it is designated as our national reptile. This venomous snake can be found in Indian and Southeast Asian woodlands.
These were some of India’s most important national symbols, which infuse every Indian with awe and pride in their country’s culture. National symbols are not just average signs and symbols for them, but they are considered to possess a sort of national spirit which binds us into one common thread. Our allegiance to national symbols unites us into one whole. That is the significance of the national symbols of India.