Hoffa entangled himself with a new jersey mob to get rid of his rivals in the city. But he didn’t know what he had brought upon himself. Hence, to this day, the disappearance of Jimmy Hoffa remains a mystery.
We shall know about the unexplained disappearance of Jimmy Hoffa in detail.
1. Jimmy Hoffa
James Riddle Hoffa, the president of the Teamsters union, was born on the 14th of February, 1913, in Brazil, Indiana. He attended school till he was 14 years old and then dropped out. Later, he received his high school diploma in ‘General Education Development’ (GED) which contains 4 subjects; Math, Science, Social Studies, and Reasoning through language arts.
Before becoming the president of the teamsters union, Hoffa always tried to help the labour union of America. He wanted to uplift their status in society.
Thereafter, when Hoffa was only 18 years old, he succeeded to increase the pay of dock workers by assembling a strike. Right after that, a year later, He began to form the Teamsters union and slowly climbed through the ranks. Hoffa’s impact as a president in the United States is worth mentioning. About 90% of the United States transportation was controlled by Hoffa at that time.
1.1 The Teamsters Union and The New Jersey Mob
In 1941, Hoffa and the International Brotherhood Teamsters union were committed to a turf battle with the rivals in Detroit.
To get rid of the rivals in the city, Jimmy Hoffa hired the New Jersey Mob. Although the force of the mafia did work, now the mafia inherently owned Jimmy.
After the turf battle, Jimmy Hoffa and the mob had a coordinated and crucial relationship. The mafia was able to profit from taking loans out of the Teamsters’ pension funds as a part of their favor for organized crime. They used these funds to feed into capitalizing several casinos in Las Vegas.
1.2 Jimmy Hoffa and His Served Prison Time
Jimmy and the mob had a solid and secure relationship 1940s and 1950s until Hoffa was sent to federal prison. He was convicted of a prison time of 13 years for the offense of bribery, jury tampering, and mail fraud.
But in 1971, President Richard Nixon excused Hoffa from prison but made him promise that he would restrain himself from any union activity till 1980.
Little did He know that this excuse would cause his vanquish later.
2. The Unexplained Disappearance of Jimmy Hoffa
2.1 More than just a Simple Coincidence
Hoffa had a controversial relationship with law enforcement officials.
Four years had passed since President Nixon had pardoned his prison time. Around July, investigators found that the teamsters union had been robbed of hundreds of millions of dollars from its largest pension fund.
And about two weeks later, Hoffa vanished.
People believed that the timing of the discovery of robbing hundreds of millions of dollars from the teamsters’ largest pension fund and Hoffa’s disappearance within two weeks offered more than just a simple coincidence.
2.2 Hoffa Disappeared
On the 30th of July, 1975, Jimmy Hoffa, aka James Hoffa, was seen outside a restaurant around the downtown Detroit area. The name of the restaurant was Machus Red Fox restaurant.
It was said that Hoffa wrote notes to his family and according to those notes, Hoffa was supposed to meet two acquaintances around 2 p.m. Those acquaintances were considerably Anthony Giacalone and Anthony Tony Pro Provenzano. Both of them were members of the mob. Though, Tony Pro was also the Teamsters’ member.
Anyhow, when Tony Jack and Tony Provenzano were asked, the FBI agents found that they both denied there was any meeting organized at the Machus Red Fox Restaurant. Practically, both Giacalone and Provenzano had alibis on the day of Hoffa’s disappearance.
Giacalone said he had been at the Southfield Athletic Club, perceptibly chatting with people he had known and did not know. Giacalone’s answer seemed worth suspecting to the investigators. On the other hand, Anthony Provenzano said that he was in New Jersey and not in Michigan, playing cards with his brother Salvatore Sammy Pro Provenzano in a union ball all afternoon.
The investigators noted both of their answers to be too ethical.
2.2.1 Jimmy Hoffa’s Last Whereabouts
When Hoffa saw Giacalone and Provenzano did not come, he called his wife, Josephine at 2:30 p.m. from a pay phone in a hardware store nearby to tell her about his whereabouts and about what happened.
Since Hoffa was famous for that, investigators got some evidence from the witnesses. They said that they had seen Hoffa at the restaurant’s parking lot as if he was waiting for someone that afternoon. And then some of the witnesses said that after a while a Burgundy Mercury Marquis came to the parking lot, picked Hoffa, and disappeared. It was also said that the Burgundy Mercury Marquis had three people inside. Hoffa entering the car was the last time he was seen alive before he was reported missing.
The next morning, the 31st of July, 1975, Jimmy Hoffa’s car was found in the parking lot of that restaurant.
Years later, it was certified that Jimmy Hoffa had entered that Burgundy Mercury Marquis, through a DNA test. A hair found in that car was verified to belong to Hoffa and validated that, that was the car that took him to the secondary location where Hoffa was killed.
The driver of that Burgundy Mercury Marquis was identified to be Charles O’Brien, according to the witnesses. He was known to be Hoffa’s surrogate son and a protege.
The thing was, Jimmy Hoffa would never enter a car and put himself in a life-threatening situation if the car did not have people he knew well about and trusted. Even though, Charles O’Brien always denied the fact that Hoffa had entered the car and disagreed with any involvement of it in Hoffa’s disappearance. Later, investigators inspected Charles to find out that his relationship with Hoffa had deteriorated after O’Brien thought that Hoffa should have given him a better place in the teamsters union.
According to Hoffa’s daughter, it was confirmed that O’Brien was driving the car in the domain of that restaurant, where Hoffa was waiting. She also said that, if her father’s hair was found in O’Brien’s car, it means that her father was in the car.
After this, the investigators also noticed that O’Brien’s car had been cleaned recently. But he said that he was using his car to run errands like transporting a 40-pound Salmon from the Teamster Headquarters’s Detroit house to a union’s official house. He added that, while doing so, there was blood spilled on the backseat from the salmon, so he had to get it cleaned.
Hoffa’s son also stated that, when he asked O’Brien if he knew anything about how Hoffa disappeared, O’Brien left the room hastily.
Jimmy Hoffa’s investigation consisted of searching the areas nearby within the domain, also going through his phone and other visible records but Hoffa’s body was never found. One thing about Jimmy Hoffa’s disappearance was, it was accepted as a fact that Hoffa was killed by the mafia.
3. Suspects of Hoffa’s Disappearance
The Hoffex memo, a document written in 1976 January, by federal investigators, designated that the authorities suspected the mafia. This was because the mafia was concerned about the fact that Hoffa would let the authorities know about them invading their pension funds for their organized crime and therefore Hoffa was killed.
You might be wondering, why would the mafia be concerned about Hoffa disclosing their information. This was because, one book called ‘I Heard You Paint Houses’ suggested that the mafia were concerned that driven by anxiety, Hoffa would impart information about the mafia to the authorities so that his restriction of 1980 on union’s activity, given by Nixon, could be lifted.
Hoffa was vocal about the fact that he wanted to get the mafia out of the union and the union’s pension funds. Even after knowing that someone from the mob had killed Hoffa, the investigators still could not find strong evidence about who it was.
After four months of investigations, Ralph Picardo, a captive of New Jersey City and a former associate of Hoffa, said that he had information about Hoffa’s killer when he visited Hoffa in prison. Ralph Picardo’s statements helped make a list of suspects but that information did not lead the authorities to any conclusion about Jimmy Hoffa’s remains.
3.1 The Horse Farm
The first theory about Hoffa’s disappearance was that Hoffa was killed by Salvatore Briguglio in Oakland County’s Milford Township. For the Teamsters, Oakland County was a tyrant. ‘The Hoffa Wars’ author, Dan Moldea, reinforced this theory. Dan had interviewed Briguglio before Briguglio was killed.
In 2006, the FBI searched the horse farm for evidence but unfortunately found none. Although, Moldea believes that Hoffa was killed at the farm and put in a 55-gallon drum. Then the drum was sent to a Landfill controlled by the Mafia in New Jersey City, where they had Hoffa buried beneath.
3.2 Anthony Tony Pro Provenzano
The second theory about Hoffa’s disappearance was that Provenzano had ordered to kill Hoffa. Investigators speculated that Provenzano had ordered them to do so because of a conflict that took place between them when they both were imprisoned in Pennsylvania and their conflict went to the point where they both detested each other.
As said by Hoffa’s son, Provenzano is said to have influenced Frank Fitzsimmons, the successor of Hoffa in the Teamsters union. In 1974, Hoffa also said that he was threatened by Provenzano, that his loved ones would be kidnapped or he would pull out Hoffa’s guts if he tried to get back to union activity or become the president again.
3.3 The Iceman
The third theory was about Richard Kuklinski, aka The Iceman, who was a hitman and serial killer. In his interview session with Philip Carlo, he said that he was paid $40,000 by the powerful mob figure of the New Jersey mob, Russel Bufalino. By the mighty orders of Bufalino, Kuklinski had driven to Detroit with 4 members of the mob, most probably, Provenzano, Gabriel, Salvatore Briguglio, and Thomas Andretta, and picked Hoffa from that suburban Detroit restaurant.
Then they knocked him out, stabbed him in his skull with a hunting knife, and transferred his body to New Jersey junkyard where he was later crushed and sold as scrap metal. And scrap metal is now part of a car in japan.
However, Kuklinski’s claims were dismissed as it was found that he was an exaggerator and a bad liar.
3.4 The Irishman
The Fourth theory mentioned the mafia contract killer, Frank Sheeran, aka The Irishman. Sheeran was interviewed by the author, Charles Brandt, to whom he confessed a hefty amount of information to. It was said that, according to Sheeran’s claims, Bufalino had co-ordered the hit on Hoffa.
Amusingly, Hoffa was considered the one to hire Sheeran to be a killer, as it was said that he had hired Sheeran along with strongarm Joseph Franco before to get rid of his rivals and to secure his rank in the Teamsters. He was a former Hoffa aide.
Sheeran insisted that, after picking him up from the Detroit suburb restaurant, they took him to an empty house, where he shot Hoffa as he was walking in. After this, Sheeran left and Hoffa’s body was sent to a mafia-controlled funeral home, where they cremated him.
Frank Sheeran was a former friend of Hoffa and expressed his guilt for killing Hoffa, But he had to do so or the mob would have killed him. Sheeran hoped that Hoffa would notice something was wrong when he saw Sheeran in the car. Besides, the FBI found that Sheeran was near the Detroit area.
People believed that Sheeran’s words were true but investigators failed to obtain any further evidence and all that was left was Sheeran’s words.
3.5 President Richard Nixon
After further investigation, the FBI obtained the information that Frank Fitzsimmons and Nixon worked together for Hoffa’s pardon. And it was also discovered that Nixon was paid about a million dollars for the abstain of union’s activities of the former president, Hoffa. Although, the documents were never verified.
4. Is Hoffa Still Alive?
The last theory is that Jimmy Hoffa was still alive and was in the mafia’s custody.
Although no one knows what happened to him, people just assumed he was alive because Hoffa’s remains were never found. At some point, it was also said that he was buried under the Giants Stadium but no evidence was found.
Another version of this theory was, maybe He ran away with a go-go dancer to South America since it was said he had a relationship with a go-go dancer named, Sylvia Pagano. But no one knows what happened.
At last, in 1982, Jimmy Hoffa was declared legally dead. And as of 2015, rather than closing the case, it was declared inactive.
The Hoffa case remained unsolved.
This is amazing.