Gardening is the art of growing and grooming plants elegantly so that it creates the area looks stunning and refreshing, but today it is not limited to a clean environment, fresh air, or decorative ambiance. It is one step up and makes you healthy and beautiful too.
Do you know how? Yes, that’s true. You can do it by growing indoor herb gardens. Growing herbs indoors is an easy process; you can see the progress of growing herbs in just 2 weeks.
All you need is a basic gardening kit and open space for your herbs. An indoor herb garden also doesn’t require much care and can be grown in a limited area perfectly. Here
1. Requirement for Indoor Herb Garden
To start herb gardens, we need some basic things to set up an environment for plants to grow rapidly. Here is the list of things required to grow fresh herbs.
1.1. Adequate Sunlight for Plants to Foster
Sunlight is the essential thing that can be required to grow herb plants. It also does not require strong light throughout the day. It requires four to at least six hours of natural light from a sunny window or on the balcony.
1.2. Different Size Pots and Potting Soil
Two pots, one of small size and the other of medium size, are required to grow each type of herb. A smaller pot is used firstly to germinate seed, and then it will be transferred to medium pots, which provide it space to grow in both the pots. A fine-quality potting soil disc is required to give a plant all the required nutrients for faster growth in an indoor herb garden. When choosing potting soil, try not to take the soil which has fertilizer in it while buying.
1.3. Authentic Non-Gmo Seed
Always buy raw seeds which are considered more herbal than modified seeds and also easy to switch seed pods. These seeds did not have any side effects and after growing plants from them can be consumed comfortably.
1.4. Watering Spray Bottle for Sufficient Moisture
Direct sunlight dries up the soil easily. To keep it moist, we need to keep giving water daily for that it requires a watering spray bottle. A spray bottle sprinkles water uniformly throughout the soil, and the possibility of pouring excess water decreases drastically. Sometimes people try to put water directly, exposing the roots of the plant from the soil and your watering habit and stunting the growth of plants.
1.5. Adequate Pot Drainage Hole for Balancing Water Content
water is required for the growth of plants, but also excess water makes its roots spoil if it is submerged in it for a long time so a good quality pot with drainage holes is required. Drainage holes also remove the access acidity from the soil with the help of access water. Potholes also regulate the temperate, allowing excess water to go out and provide a suitable condition for plants to grow.
1.6. Sufficient Growing Space to Bloom
The plant needs enough light and space to grow as a primary factor so the balcony or kitchen counter that gets plenty of natural sunlight is a good place to grow herbs indoors. It also maintains the air circulation of the indoor space.
1.7. Herb Garden Kit for Maintenance
The Herb garden kit consists of soil, compost, fertilizer and a hand trowel. These things make the process of indoor gardening a lot easier while growing plants. If you are growing these herbs on your rooftop then there is a need for harsh sun shadow cloth is also needed to keep your plants from directly coming in contact with sunlight or while in the season of monsoon plants do not get excess water in it as some plants need only a small amount of water top to grow.
There are many daily uses for herb plants that can be grown indoors and can be used daily. Here is a read on household plants and beautifying your house.
2. Here Is the List of Herbs to Grow Indoors:
Mint is the most common herb plant that can be easily grown in indoor herb gardens. It is the most promising indoor plant herb that is known for its coolness and mouth freshness. It is used in many ways but most commonly is used for bad breath.
Mint has a refreshing taste so it is used in many drinks and mocktails. This plant needs plenty of water regularly and an abundance of sunlight to grow rapidly.
One thing important here is that do not let its flower grow as it will reduce the number of leaves, and cutting the flower bud can increase the number of leaves.
Mint is very good for digestive organs as it helps in increasing the functionality of organs and improves digestion. There is a different variety of mint plants but the nutrient they contain is relatively the same for each.
2.2. Lemon Grass
Cymbopogon widely known as lemongrass is a plant you can grow in your herb garden easily as it requires only a few steps to grow effectively and needs low caring to flourish. It has therapeutic properties which means it can use for relaxation. we can use Lemon directly in a tea by putting its leaf in tea or using its oil for its therapeutic properties.
It is widely used for insomnia and to tackle blood pressure. Lemon grass is an indoor herb that is good at relaxing anxiety but when consumed after at least six hours from the first cup.
From its name, lemon grass grows like grass and needs plenty of sunlight throughout the day so keep your lemon grass herbal pot in the corner of your space where it gets plenty of sunlight.
One of the things to get in mind while growing lemongrass in an indoor herb garden is that it needs to harvest regularly as it propagates very fastly and no other plants are planted with it.
Lemon grass is a tough plant and doesn’t need fertilizer but sometimes it gets rust (a fungus)and you have to check it regularly to spot when to apply fungicides.
Basil which is commonly known as tulsi in India is supposed to come from Italy but some varieties are purely said to be of Indian origin. There is also a variety called Thai basil. It is supposed to be a tropical plant with herbs and four to five hours of sunlight. Moisture content should be good so try to put water two times a day in the basil plant pods.
PRUNING is part of growing herbs indoors as plants grew they try to give flowers and produces seed which reduces the density of the leaves of the plant so, proper pruning is required. All the growing flowers should be cut, giving more space for leaves to grow.
One of the most important challenges while growing indoor herb basil is that it is attacked by small insects called aphids it is white or green. If you want to get rid of it try using soap spray, it generally works for aphids.
Oregano is an indoor herb that is known for its antioxidant which helps in fighting cancer efficiently and also scientists study its nutrient to make medicine from it.
Oregano is from the mint family and it’s very easy to grow in your indoor herb garden. It is found in the elevated topography so too many nutrient-rich soil discs are not required for that. It required lots of natural lights so try to put it in that place so that it can get enough light.
oregano also tolerates harsh sunlight but when it comes to watering it, it does require a lot of water too especially in summer so, watering it a single time a day can be enough for it.
It is also required to keep pruning it if you want to grow it for a longer term. When in summer it reduces try to fork the soil a little so that the compost and water reach every part of the soil.
Cilantro which is popularly known as coriander in most of the world is used to add flavor to most food and is also used for garnishing food to look delicious.
Its seeds are also used as spices but in an indoor herb garden, we will grow only the leafy part to get a fresh taste of the food.
It required soft soil in the beginning to grow and when it grows and starts giving leaves try to cut it from the bottom and it again grows back. You don’t need to sow the seeds again, cilantro can be replanted throughout the year.
It needs plenty of water, in the beginning, to grow faster and also a sufficient amount of sunlight to grow healthy.
One important thing to keep in mind is that do not try to put it in the harsh sunlight as it starts to grow seed faster then.
It takes around 20-25 days to grow fresh herbs of cilantro in your indoor herb garden.
Rosemary is a plant with multiple uses as a herb and as a flavoring agent in food. It looks so adorable that it also comes under the category of decorative indoor plants.
Rosemary is used widely in the Italian cousin or the French cousin it is used widely. In recent trends, it is used in tea to reduce weight, prevent cancer and boost memory.
It requires a good amount of sunlight so try to put it in a space where plenty of sunlight comes in and while talking about the water side it requires a moderate amount of water so try not to give plenty of water at once.
it can be propagated easily by putting the root in water and when it comes out with plenty of roots then it can replanting it to other places in your indoor herb garden.
Chives is a plant that a little taste like garlic and onion. There are two types of chives first one is common chives and the other is garlic chives also known as the Chinese chives.
It is grown from the seeds in the beginning but later it can be propagated. It needs a moderate temperature, not too harsh sun not very cold weather.
A decent amount of sun is needed to grow it. They do not need too much water so try to put water once a day. It doesn’t need any extra supplement or fertilizer to grow this indoor herb. Fertilizers can increase the process of growth but the true flavor seems to be missing.
Salvia officinalis also known as sage also known as tej-patta is a widely used leaf that can be used in many things like soups, vegetables, and many more dishes.
It is one of the favorite herbs of Indians to use daily in their kitchen. It can be grown easily with propagation and requires a decent amount of sun and water.
It struggles to grow in very cold winters. four to five hours of sunlight is enough to grow this herb indoors and also it needs one time of water in a day to grow efficiently.
Parsley looks a little like cilantro but is very different in health and taste benefits. It is mainly a plant of winter to grow in your indoor herb garden but can also service summers if taken well care of it.
Besides many health benefits parsley has also skin benefits when used regularly.
It doesn’t require plenty of sun rays so must keep it in a place where only a decent amount of sundays come, try not to put in the direct sunlight if it’s too bright and hot. it can be watered daily but only when the pot’s upper layer soil dried up.
It can be consumed directly in the form of salad or other platter food or used with boiled water to make herbal tea.
To grow thyme in your indoor herb garden you need the seed and put it on the top of the soil don’t cover the seed with soil as it needs plenty of sunlight and fresh air to grow in the beginning.
Try to just mix it a little with the upper layer of the soil with your hands only. it needs a good amount of moisture to keep it wet. it takes around two months to fully grow and use it.
It has very small leaves so thyme can be identified very easily. It is very easy to grow so you can place it in your indoor herb garden.
Fennel which is also known as saunf is one of the best plants to add to your indoor herb garden. It is used generally as a mouth freshening product that is consumed after the meal. It is also believed to be a product that helps in digestion and increases happy mood vibes.
It is a cold-weather plant that does not need harsh sunlight. It can sow around september and october. Put the seed one inch under the soil, mix it, and pour some water to give it some moisture. After 6 to 7 days when it germinates and comes out of the soil. Try to relocate it to bigger pots so it gates plenty of space to grow. It takes around three to four months to get fennel in your indoor herb gardens.
2.12. Kafir Lime
Citrus hystrix commonly known as kafir lime is a citrus leaf plant that smells like the lemon one and it has a strong flavor that makes its fragrance in the dishes completely pretty. You can add it to your indoor herb gardens but it requires larger herb pots.
Most herbs from the list need very small herb pots to grow but this kafir lime makes your indoor garden into a smart garden. kafir lime has its fruit also which can be used as lemon but is not as effective as lemon.
Like all other citrus plants, it needs good sun exposure and a good amount of water to grow. It also needs fertilizer at regular intervals time as it gets pests easily and is also provided with compost at regular intervals of time to keep it growing.
Dill is seen on salad, soups, pickles, and in many beverages to enhance its taste. This plant loves to grow in the cooler part of the year and in summer it goes through the process of producing seeds so it gets the leafy part always tries to cut the middle stem so the process of producing seeds is delayed.
This plant needs only three to four hours of sun to keep growing and also needs a small amount of regular water. it can also be preserved for later use as it is frozen up.
To grow dill what we need to do is to take its seeds and place them in a small pot and when they grow up to one or two inches try to place them in a bigger pot in your indoor garden. Whenever you are using the transplanting method do not try to put it in dry soil as the chances of the plant dying increase.